Cannabistaxonomy is complicated, and is subject to debate.However, indica and sativa can be considered to be species of the genus, Cannabis.
The purported attributes of indica-dominant strains are that they tend to be sedative and thus are frequently found to provide feelings of deep relaxation.
On the other hand, sativa-dominant strains are frequently regarded as being more stimulating, energizing and uplifting and have been found to increase focus as well as encourage creativity and promote alertness.
Due to centuries of cross-breeding, it is extremely rare to find a purely indica or sativa strain. Nowadays, the majority of cannabis strains are hybrids which may be either indica or sativa -dominant. However, the specific ratio of indica and sativa content within a given strain of cannabis, is largely unknown, with most estimates being purely anecdotal.
Cannabinoids are the active compounds found within cannabis. The two most commonly discussed cannabinoids are THC and CBD, due to the fact that they are found in relatively high concentrations in the plant.
THC (delta9-Tetrhydrocannabinol) is the main active ingredient within cannabis. It is the compound which is attributed to producing the majority of the psychoactive effects of cannabis. THC is also the main therapeutic compound within cannabis.The therapeutic effects of THC are believed by some to include analgesia (including neuropathic pain), muscle relaxant, anti-inflammatory, anti-spasmodic, antiemetic, appetite stimulant, anxiolytic (anti-anxiety), antidepressant and sedative. (Russo et al, 2005), (Russo, 2011), (Abrams et al, 2015)
CBD (Cannabidiol) is the second most prominent compound within cannabis. CBD is a non-psychoactive cannabinoid Scientific publications of CBD suggest a wide range of possible therapeutic effects including analgesia, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, neuroprotective, anxiolytic (anti-anxiety), anti-psychotic and anti-seizure. (Izzo et al, 2009) (Zuardi, 2008)
Medicinal cannabis has a wide variety of recognized therapeutic uses. If you believe that medical cannabis may be beneficial in treating your symptoms, it is recommended that you consult with your Health Care Practitioner, or contact us for more information.
Medical cannabis is not necessarily a viable method of treatment for everyone. In particular, medicinal cannabis is not recommended for patients with severe cardio-pulmonary disease, respiratory insufficiencies, or those with a personal history of psychiatric disorders, or a familial history of schizophrenia. In addition, Cannabis should be utilized with caution in patients who are under the age of 18 as well as in those with a history of substance abuse.
Terpenoids are phytotherapeutic agents present within cannabis which are attributed to the flavour and fragrance of the plant. Terpenoids display unique therapeutic effects that may contribute meaningfully to the entourage effects of cannabis based medicine. (Russo, 2011)
Mettrum utilizes only the highest quality nutrients and state of the art growing techniques. All finished product must meet or exceed international pharmacopoeial guidelines for microbial and chemical contaminants, prior to being made available for sale.
Dried medical cannabis may be consumed in a variety of ways. The most common methods include smoking, vaporizing, and oral consumption.
Medical cannabis can be smoked in cigarette form or in a device such as a pipe. Typically, physicians do not recommend this method of consumption, as research has indicated that there are significantly higher risks of cancer and respiratory disease associated with smoking cannabis, as opposed to consuming it via alternative methods. (Canadian Cancer Society)
Another common method of cannabis consumption is vaporization. As opposed to using an open flame, vaporizers use an internal element to heat the cannabis to a temperature which is hot enough to vaporize the active ingredients (the phytocannabinoids and terpenoids) without combusting the plant material.
Oral consumption is another popular method of ingesting medical cannabis. To experience maximum medicinal benefits, the cannabis should be decarboxylated prior to ingestion. Decarboxylation is accomplished through the application of heat. The effects of this method of consumption tend to provide deeper, physical sensations throughout the body. Due to the fact that the cannabis must first be absorbed through the digestive system, it does take longer for the medicinal effects to be felt.
If you are interested in Cannabis Oils, we recommend that you visit our FAQs here to learn more.
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